Bloodroot Sanguinaria candensis
Common name: Indian paint, tetterwort, red pucoon, red root, paucon, coon root, snakebite, sweet slumber.
Occurrence: a spring flower found in woods from Canada to Florida and west to Arkansas and Nebraska in the United States.
Parts used: the rhizome. It has the alkaloids sanguinarine, chelery-thrine, protropine and B. homochelidonine as its active components. Protropine is one of the most widely used opium alkaloids.
Medicinal uses: emetic, cathartic, expectorant, emmenagogue. The plant is of great benefit in dyspepsia, asthma, bronchitis, croup and pulmonary consumption. It can be used in heart disease, heart weakness and palpitations, nervous irritation, torpid liver, scrofula, dysentery and to lower the pulse rate. Externally, it can be applied to cure ringworm, fungal growths, ulcers, eczema and cancerous growths. Care must be taken as toxic doses of Sanguinaria can be deleterious to the person.
Administered as: fluid extract, tincture, powdered root and solid extract.